Styrene
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  • Styrene (vinylbenzene, styrole) is a colourless, viscous liquid with a pungent odour and tendency to polymerize. Styrene is slightly soluble in water, soluble in ethanol and very soluble in benzene and petroleum ether.
  • Styrene, also known as vinyl benzene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH=CH2. Under normal conditions, this aromatic hydrocarbon is an oily liquid. It evaporates easily and has a sweet smell, although common impurities confer a less pleasant odor.
  • Styrene is named after the styrax trees from whose sap (benzoin resin) it can be extracted. Low levels of styrene occur naturally in plants as well as a variety of foods such as fruits, vegetables, nuts, beverages, and meats.
  • Styrene is produced by the dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene. Ethylbenzene is formed by reacting ethylene and benzene, and most benzene is made by hydrodealkylation of toluene, which is obtained as a byproduct of gasoline manufacture. Most ethylbenzene manufacturers convert it directly into styrene.
  • Three essential steps are associated with the production of styrene from benzene and ethylene: synthesis of ethylbenzene from benzene and ethylene, ethylbenzene dehydrogenation, and styrene finishing.
  • Styrene is used in the production of polystyrene plastics, fiberglassreinforced plastics, synthetic rubber, resins, styrenated polyesters, and protective coatings.
  • Styrene is one of the most important monomers worldwide, and its polymers and copolymers are used in an increasingly wide range of applications. The major uses are in plastics, latex paints and coatings, synthetic rubbers, polyesters and styrene-alkyd coatings.
  • Styrene is widely used to make plastics and rubber. Products containing styrene include insulation, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, shoes, drinking cups and other food containers, and carpet backing.
  • Styrene is the monomer used to make polystyrene, which has a multitude of uses, the most common of which are in packaging and insulated styrofoam beverage cups.
  • Styrene finds wide application in the plastics and synthetic rubber industry. It is used in the manufacture of polystyrene; styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR); acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) resin; styrene acrylonitrile (SAN) resin; protective coatings (styrene-butadiene latex; alkyds); expandable polystyrene; block copolymers like styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS), styrene-isoprenestyrene (SIS), styrene-ethylene- butadiene-styrene (SEBS) and miscellaneous uses like textile auxiliaries, pigment binders polyester resin, aromatics and intermediate industries. In India, applications of styrene are well-developed.
  • Styrene has been manufactured in the United States since 1938, with production increasing dramatically over the last 30 years. Then U.S. total styrene production has more than doubled.
  • Approximately 700 kilotonnes of styrene are produced annually in Canada, of which nearly two thirds are exported.
     
General
  • Styrene
  • General description about Styrene
  • Answers to Common Questions About Styrene

Production Process

  • Simulation of the Catalytic Cracking Process for Styrene Production
  • Production in food of 1,3-pentadiene and styrene by Trichoderma species
  • Styrene Production
  • Production of Styrene from Ethylbenzene
  • Styrene Manufacture
  • Energy Balances and Numerical Methods- Styrene Production
  • Production of Styrene
  • Separations and Reaction Engineering- Production of Styrene
  • Transformation of the old process: Ethylbenzene to Styrene with CO2 dilution
  • Styrene Production Reaction Kinetics
  • Pyrolysis Value Upgrade with GT-Styrene

Company Profiles

  • Company in Mumbai
  • Company in Singapore
  • Company in Saudi Arabia
  • Company in Texas
  • Company in Taiwan

Consultants

  • Consultant in Wilmington
  • Consultant in Ohio
  • Expert in Styrene Polymers, Plant Layout
  • Consultant in Pennsylvania

Plant

  • Plant in Los Angeles
  • Another Plant in Los Angeles
  • Plant in USA
  • Plant in Belgium

Patent

  • Styrene process
  • Styrene process with recycle from dehydrogenation zone
  • Styrene polymerization process
  • Method of producing styrene polymers using high speed catalytic dispersion technology
  • Distillation of Styrene
  • Method of inhibiting Polymerization of Styrene
  • Transparent, rubber-modified styrene copolymer
  • Method for recycling waste styrene resin

Technology

  • Styrene Proprietary process technology
  • Step-out Technology for Styrene Monomer Production
  • Styrene Process Treatments

Applications and Functions

  • Applications of Styrene
  • Nanoparticles Preparation of Pyrrole and Styrene Copolymer in Aqueous Media
  • Bringing peace of mind and quality to life
  • Styrene in Drinking-water
  • Combined effects of noise and styrene on hearing : Comparison between active and sedentary rats
Project
  • Biofilter testing using composting for Styrene and Methyl Ethyl ketone
  • Engineering an Alternate Route to Styrene
  • Total Petrochemicals France proposes an industrial project to secure its competitiveness
  • Styrene Design Problem

Products

  • GS™ Series Catalysts
  • Styrene Acrylic Emulsion
  • GenFlo®
  • Styrolux 684 D
  • Vector 4114A

Material Safety Data Sheet

  • Epox-Acryl
  • Styrene acrylonitrile
  • Polyester Resin Solution in Styrene
  • Safety data for styrene
  • Styrene (monomer)
  • SprayCore 4000 HDT Universal
  • Styrene (Stabilized)
  • Styrene
  • Styrene Monomer

Market

  • Production, Import/Export
  • Russian Styrene Market
  • Annual Styrene Capacity in Western Europe
  • Styrenics and the U.S. Economy

Report

  • Priority Substances List Assessment Report - Styrene
  • Styrene
  • Source Test Report: AMS and Styrene Emissions from the Underground Storage Tank
  • Styrene Release in Cincinnati

Hazards

  • Hazard Evaluation System and Information Service- Styrene
  • Styrene Monomer
  • Styrene
  • Chronic Toxicity Summary-Styrene
  • Styrene Toxicology Fact Sheet

Safety

  • Styrene in the Workplace
  • Methods to control styrene exposure in the reinforced Plastic industry
  • Safety scheme for Reception and storage facilities at styrene customer premises

Suppliers

  • Styrene Suppliers
  • Styrene Polymers Manufacturers & Exporters
  • Styrene Distributors
  • Suppliers of Styrene
  • Styrene Suppliers Worldwide
  • Styrene Exporters

Guide

  • Guidelines for the distribution of Styrene
  • Styrene Monomer: Environmental, Health, Safety, Transport and Storage guidelines
  • Styrene Forum
  • Regulations and Guidelines Applicable to Styrene

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