|Information Profile @ a glance
- Turmeric is a
rhizome with commercial value due to its properties as a
Colorant, Flavoring and Nutraceutical .Contains zingiberene, ar-turmerone,
ar-curcumene, sabinene, 1,8-cineol, pinene and beta-sesquiphellandrene.
- There are many American, Japanese & world patents on Turmeric
pertaining to clinical & culinary uses.
- There are two types of turmeric produced in central India. One has solid
and dark color and the
other long, soft and light color. In
ayurvedic system of medicine, therapeutical value of turmeric has been
- India, Bangladesh, Taiwan and China are the countries
- In India Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, West
Bengal and Assam are Turmeric growing states. The major producing centres in Tamil Nadu are Coimbatore, Dharmapuri,
Salem( Athur, Omaloor and Tiruchengodu) Erode (Bhavani,
Gopichettipalayam, Sathyamangalam and Kodumudi), Namakkal and Villupuram
- Process : Washing, Boiling, Blanching Cooking,
Drying, Polishing, Coloring, Grading, Packing and Storage. Turmeric
Oleoresin: Turmeric oleoresin is the organic extract of turmeric, a
ground powder from the root of the Curcuma
plant, and is added to food items as a spice and coloring agent.
Supercritical CO2 extraction and molecular distillation-to
extract and separate turmeric is the latest high technology process
followed to get quality product.
- Essential oil of turmeric is obtained by the steam distillation of
dried rhizome powder
- Turmeric oleoresin, obtained by solvent extraction of the ground
turmeric, is the most commonly produced extract of turmeric and contains
both the flavor.
- Curcumin, produced by crystallization from the oleoresin, is the
principle and predominant color compound of tumeric.
- The extraction of oleoresin from turmeric rhizomes using organic
solvents produces higher yields, as compared to supercritical CO2
- Quality depends on the pigment (curcumin) content, the organoleptic
character, the general appearance, size and physical form of the rhizome
- Global production is estimated around 11 -11.5 lakh tonnes. India
contributes about 78per cent of the world production and 60
per cent to the total trade.
- India is the largest exporter of turmeric with annual exports of
- UAE is the major importer of the spice, accounting for around 18% of
India’s total export.
- The increasing demand for natural products as food additives makes
turmeric an ideal produce as a food colorant. Additionally, anti-cancer
and antiviral activities of turmeric may also increase its demand from