Synthetic-Detergents
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Contents

  • Synthetic detergents have similar molecular structures and properties as soap. Although the cleansing action is similar, the detergents do not react as readily with hard water ions of calcium and magnesium.
  • Product the formulation of which is specially devised to promote the development of detergency. A detergent is a formulation comprising essential constituents (surface active agents) and subsidiary constituents (builders, boosters, fillers and auxiliaries).
  • The first synthetic detergents which fall into our definition of the term seem to have been developed by the Germans in the First World War period to allow fats to be utilized for other purposes.
  • Synthetic detergents dissolve or tend to dissolve in water or other solvents. To enable them to do this, they require distinct chemical characteristics. Hydrophilic (water loving) groupings in their molecular structure, and hydrophobic (water hating) groupings, help the detergent in it’s “detergency” action.
  • The basic component of a synthetic detergent is a 'surface active agent' ('surfactant') which binds to grease and dirt and keeps it suspended in water. Other constituents include fillers to improve the free-flowing properties of powder detergents, foam stabilisers, optical brighteners, silicates, bleaches and fragrances. Phosphates or zeolites are added to control the alkalinity and soften the water. Foam stabilisers, optical brighteners and fragrances are not essential for detergent effectiveness. The formulation of the detergent depends on the application.
  • The Processing Technology includes Detergent Slurry formulation, Slurry Preparation, Detergent Spray Drying, Pneumatic Conveying Perfuming and Packing.
  • Synthetic detergents had developed in the beginning of 20th century and started making inroads into the area earlier served by washing compounds i.e. soaps made traditionally from oils/ fats and caustic soda. Since soaps have comparatively lesser washing characteristics in hard water than synthetic detergents, synthetic washing compounds have been able to occupy a significant market which was enjoyed by washing soaps earlier.
  • Synthetic detergents, being a mass consumption item have shown a dramatic growth since its inception in 1957. Presently, detergents are available to the consumers in the form of powders and cakes/bars. Bulk of the production of these items is done in the small scale sector.
  • Machinery includes Sulphonator: Stainless steel verticle and cylindrical vessel fitted within agitator with MS jacket and complete with motor, Cap 1 m3 , Chilling plant , Settling tank- MS vertical dished bottom, Lead line with agitator and motor Cap 3.5m3 , LAB feed tank: vertical cylindrical tank, MS Cap 1.0 m3 , Oleum/Acid slurry feed tank vertical cylindrical Tank Cap 2.5m3 , LAB main storage tank horizontal cylindrical Tank Cap 12m3 , Oleum/acid storage tank ms-horizontal Cylindrical tank cap 5m3 , Pumps with motor m., Misc. equipment including valvers pipelines, exhaust, weighing machines etc. and laboratory Equipment, Finished product stocks , Furniture/fixtures , Installation/electrification.
  • The major players in the Indian detergent market were HLL, P&G, Nirma and Henkel (through its joint venture with SPIC, a leading petrochemical company based in the south Indian city of Chennai).
  • Modern technology has led to the creation of synthetic detergents that have gradually replaced soaps in the laundry. The first detergents were used chiefly for hand dishwashing and fine fabric laundering. This was followed by the development of allpurpose laundry detergents introduced in the US in 1946.
  • Today, the detergent market is a highly competitive one where a myriad brands vie with each other to get the customers attention. Each brand claims to clean whiter, boasting of technologically dubious terms such as fighting granules, power pearls, etc.
  • The annual consumption of detergents in India is in the magnitude of hundreds of thousands of tones. The formal sector, with its increasing ability to influence consumers through advertisements, is rapidly expanding its market share.
 General Information
  • History of washing
  • Introduction to Synthetic Detergents
  • Detergent
  • History of soap and detergents
  • Detergents and Surfactants
  • Development of the Detergent Industry

Raw Materials

  • Anticaking agent
  • Carbonate
  • Phosphate
  • Silicate
  • Sodium Hydrosulfite
  • Lauryl Alcohol Ethoxylates
  • Surfactants - Surface Active Agents
Manufacturing Process
  • Soap and Detergent making process
  • Manufacturing process of Detergents
  • Production process of household detergents
  • Soap and Detergent manufacture
  • Manufacturing steps of Soap and Detergents
  • Formulations of laundry detergents

Company Profiles

  • Companies & Products
  • Binacchi & co
  • Comp Engineering and Exports
  • International Flavors & Fragrances
  • Konishi Co., Ltd.
  • Laxmi Soap Factory
  • Lever Brothers Company
  • Linds
  • Murugan Productions
  • Procter and Gamble
  • Spectrum International
  • Shanghai WhiteCat (Group) Co.

Consultants

  • Paul Sosis
  • Project Consultants
  • Experts in synthetic detergent
  • Expert in surfactant & Detergent Technology and Marketing
  • Feedback Business Consulting Services Private Limited
  • Small Industries Service Institute

Standards

  • Laundry Detergents
  • Surface active agents
  • Palestinian Standards - Chemical Sector
  • Types of cleaning Detergents
  • Soaps and other surface active agents
  • Ecomark criteria for soaps and detergents
  • 1993 AATCC Standard Reference Detergent and Laundry Detergents in General
Specifications
  • Laundry Detergents
  • Hand Dishwashing Detergents
  • North woods
  • Synthetic laundry detergent powder
  • Sodium metasilicate, anhydrous
  • Detergents, Synthetic and Laundry alkalis & sours

Policies

  • Detergent Phosphates: an EU Policy Assessment
  • Consumer Driven Policy - Making Good Products with Integrity
  • West-Bengal - Sitting Policy for Industries
  • Environmental Risk Assessment at Procter & Gamble
  • Environmental Planning Policy
  • Malaysia National Environmental policy
  • Innovation effects of past policies and suggestions for improvement

Projects

  • Project outline
  • Sample Business Plan
  • Acid slurry
  • Green Earth
  • Washing soap and detergent
  • Production of Detergent from Castor Oil
  • IPC Revision WG  – Definition Project
  • Which laundry detergent is most effective in removing stain?
  • How does water temperature affect the cleaning ability of a Detergent?

Applications

  • Action of synthetic detergents on the metabolism of bacteria
  • Germicidal activity of a synthetic detergent
  • Synthetic Detergent Found to Fight Multi-Drug Resistance
  • Scientists Adapt Detergents for Medical, Everyday Use
  • Effect of synthetic detergents on pH changes in dental plaques
  • Effect of Synthetic Detergents on the Swelling and the ATPase of Mitochondria Isolated from Rat Liver

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Patent

  • Synthetic detergent formulations
  • Mild synthetic detergent toilet bar composition
  • Process for manufacturing speckled detergent composition
  • Synthetic detergent bars and method of making the same
  • Process for producing a synthetic detergent soap base from n-acyl sarcosine
  • Monoclonal antibody for immunoassay of detergents and their degradation products and its use

Technology

  • Modern technology
  • Novel enzyme-based detergents
  • Synthetic zeolites and other microporous oxide molecular sieves
  • Interaction between proteins and synthetic detergents
  • Denaturation of proteins by synthetic detergents and bile salts

Market

  • Detergent powder and cake
  • Trends and characteristics
  • Builders in Laundry Detergent Products
  • Counting the cost of cleanliness
  • Detergent Raw Material
  • Detergent Wars in India
  • Novel enzyme-based detergents: An Indian perspective
  • Development of Tide laundry detergent receives historical recognition
  • Feedstock prices pinch petrochemical-based surfactant makers more so than oleochemical firms
  • Chemalyze business plans

Products

  • Synthetic detergents products
  • Dishwashing detergent
  • Detergent Powder and Cake
  • Synthetic detergents and emulsifiers
  • Glass cleaning detergents
  • Motorcycle care products

Plants

  • Detergent Processing Plant
  • Soap and Detergents processing plants
  • Soaps and Detergents production plants
  • Explosion of methanol distillation column of detergent manufacturing plant
  • Soap and Detergent manufacturing pumps
  • Yadav machines detergent production plants
Raw Materials Suppliers
  • Linear Alkyl Benzene sellers
  • Oleum suppliers
  • Sulphuric acid suppliers directory
  • Selling leads of Linear Alkyl Benzene
  • Sodium Carboxy Methyl suppliers
  • Sodium Sulphate manufacturers
  • Sodium Tripolyphosphate selling leads
  • Zeolite CAS 1318-02-1
Equipment Suppliers
  • Chilling Plant manufacturers
  • Soap and detergent making machines suppliers
  • Detergent making machines suppliers
  • ModuTank Inc.
  • Shachi Engineering Pvt.Ltd.
  • SSP Pvt. Ltd.
  • Fill a questainer
  • Zhauns Group of Companies

Report

  • Soap and Detergents: Background report
  • Use of detergents
  • Chemical industry: Sector report
  • Soap and Detergents: Product report
  • Surfactant production and use in Germany
  • Linear Alkyl Benzene growth will average 3.6 percent per year
  • Zeolites market report in 1999
  • Sodium sulfate market report upto 2005
Health Effects
  • Health effects of detergents
  • Banning use of Chemicals (BAB and LAB) in Detergents
  • Detergents and water pollution abatement
  • Health Effects Of Drinking Water Contaminants
  • Toxic Dangers of Typical Laundry Detergent
  • Are Leading Brand Laundry Detergents Environmentally Friendly?

Guidelines

  • Guide to the properties and uses of Detergents
  • Laundry detergent: Study guide
  • FAQ's about natural and synthetic surfactants

     

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