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Project @ a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • The sapote belongs to the family Sapotaceae, the same family as the sapodilla (Manilkara zapota van Royen) which has also been called sapote, zapote, or zapote chico to distinguish it from the larger fruit.
  • The sapote occurs naturally at low elevations from southern Mexico to northern Nicaragua. It is much cultivated and possibly also naturalized up to 2,000 ft (600 m) and occasionally found up to 5,000 ft (1,500 m) throughout Central America and tropical South America.
  • The nutrient requirement of sapota is high, as it is an evergreen tree in continuous state of growth and fruiting. 
  • The fruits are highly perishable and can be stored under ordinary condition for a period of 7-8 days after harvesting. At a storage temperature of 200 C, the storage life can be increased for a period of 21-25 days by removing ethylene and adding 5-10% CO2 to storage atmosphere.
  • The fruit is a good source of digestible sugar (15-20%) and an appreciable source of protein, fat, fibre and minerals (Ca, P and Fe.) Sapota pulp is used for making sweets and halwas. It is also an ingredient of fruit salads and milk shakes. The milky latex secreted by unripe sapota fruits , known as chuckle forms the base for making chicklet and chewing gum.
  • The sapote is credited with sustaining Cortez and his army in their historic march from Mexico City to Honduras. The fruit is of such importance to the Indians of Central America and Mexico that they usually leave this tree standing when clearing land for coffee plantations or other purposes. 
  • India is the second largest producer of Fruits after China, with a production of 44.04 million tonnes of fruits from an area of 3.72 million hectares . A large variety of fruits are grown in India, of which mango, banana, citrus, guava, grape, pineapple and apple are the major ones. 
  • India is considered to be the largest producer of sapota in the world. It is mainly cultivated in the coastal areas of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, west Bengal, Punjab and Haryana. 
  • The fruit is mostly consumed indigenously. Export constituted only a very minor fraction of production, 0.2% in 2001-02. Low volume export of sapota is due to non-ideal post harvest practices, transport procedures, lack of proper storage facilities, outdated handling practices.
 General Information
  • Sapote
  • Sapodilla
  • Tropical Plant Chupa-Chupa
  • Sapota Varieties
  • Pouteria Fruits for the Future

Growth and Cultivation

  • Sapodilla Growing in the Florida Home Landscape
  • Area Under Cultivation
  • Planting
  • Irrigation
  • Manuring & Fertilization
  • Propagation
  • Soil & Climate
  • Manuring
  • Harvesting

Species and Its Cultivation

  • Sapota zapotilla Coville
  • Black Sapote
  • Pouteria viridis
  • Pouteria sapota
  • Calocarpum mammosum  
  • Calocarpum sapota
  • Manilkara zapota


  • Physical and chemical characteristics of sapota fruit at different stages of maturation 

  • Sapodilla and Related Fruits Properties
  • Effect of ethrel treatment on the postharvest changes in the turnover of ascorbic acid and reducing sugar in Achras sapota fruits

Patent and Technology

  • Extracts from Plant and Non-Plant Biomass and Uses Thereof
  • Method for Extracting Polyisoprenes from Plants
  • Process for the Production of Alcohol
  • Technology Assessment, Refinement and Transfer
  • Post Harvest Technology


  • Total, insoluble and soluble dietary fiber contents of Indian fruits
  • Food Preparation
  • Mamey sapote: fruit used for ice cream
  • Pouteria sapota Uses
  • Tropical Fruit Wine Making

Market and Report

  • Sustaining and expanding Horticultural Revolution
  • Demand for grown up plants on the rise
  • Host Status of Mamey Sapote, Pouteria Sapota to the West Indian Fruit Fly
  • Indian Sapota Tree Rubber
  • Detailed Project Report on Development of Modern Terminal Market for Fruits & Vegetable at Nagpur
  • Evergreen tree
  • Sapota-Beauty is skin deep
  • High-yielding sapota with compact canopy
  • Horticulture Work Plan 2002-03
  • Large sapota variety for arid tracts


  • A Model Bankable Project of Sapota
  • Project Costs & Returns
  • Target & Outlay with Release of Maharashtra for 2006-07
  • Agriculture Department
  • National Horticulture Mission 2005-06

Nursery and Suppliers 

  • Pine Island Nursery
  • Raun Harman
  • Suppliers of Sapota
  • Sapota Exporters
  • Indian Suppliers of Sapota
  • Directory of Indian Sapota Exporters

Pest Control and Management

  • Pest and Disease Management on Organic Farms
  • Diseases
  • Intercultural Operations
  • Pests
  • Sapote Fruit Fly
  • Florida Crop/Pest Management Profile: Mamey Sapote and Sapodilla

Production and Guidelines

  • A Potential Crop For Subtropical Climates
  • Horticulture
  • Area and Production of Fruits
  • Production Guidelines

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Primary Information Services
 21 Murugappan St, SwamyNagar Ext2, 
Ullagaram, Chennai - 600091, India.
 Phone: 91 44 22421080 
Email :
Mobile numbers:9940043898, 9444008898  Fax : 91 44 22423753