- Salicornia is a
genus of succulent, salt tolerant plants that grow in salt marshes, on
beaches, and among mangroves.
- Common names for the
genus include glasswort, pickleweed, and marsh samphire; these common
names are also used for some species not in Salicornia.
- The Salicornia
species are small, usually less than 30 cm tall, succulent herbs with a
jointed horizontal main stem and erect lateral branches.
- The leaves are small
and scale-like and as such the plant may appear leafless. Many species
are green, but their foliage turns red in autumn.
- The hermaphrodite
flowers are wind pollinated, and the fruit is small and succulent and
contains a single seed.
- Salicornia species
can generally tolerate immersion in salt water. They use the c4 pathway
to take in carbon dioxide from the surrounding atmosphere.
- Salicornia europaea
is highly edible, either cooked or raw.
- Samphire is usually
cooked, either steamed or microwaved, and then coated in butter. After
cooking, it resembles seaweed in colour, and the flavour and texture are
like young spinach stems or asparagus, and despite its texture when raw,
after cooking is not at all stringy or tough.
- Samphire is very
often used as a suitably maritime accompaniment to fish or
- In addition to
Salicornia europaea, the seeds of Salicornia bigelovii yield a highly
edible oil. Salicornia bigelovii's edibility is compromised somewhat
because it contains saponins, which are toxic under certain
- The ashes of
glasswort and saltwort plants and of kelp were long used as a source of
soda ash (mainly Sodium carbonate) for glassmaking and soapmaking.
- There are
experimental fields of Salicornia in Eritrea, Africa and Sonora, Mexico
aimed at the production of biodiesel.
- Salicornia and
- Salicornia europaea
- Salicornia bigelovii
freitagii a new species from Turkey
- A new species of
Salicornia (Chenopodiaceae) from European Russia
- Growth and Survival
of the halophyte Salicornia europaea L. under saline field
- Di Pattern of
Salicornia Vegetative Growth in Relation to Fertilization
- Critical Phosphorus
Levels for Salicornia Growth
- Effect of the
amphipod Corophium volutator on the colonisation of mud by the halophyte
- Effect of Salinity
and Waterlogging on Growth and Survival of Salicornia europaea L., an
Investigation of Salicornia fruticosa (L.) And Their Biological
- Mortality of the
Salt Marsh Species Salicornia europaea and Atriplex
(Chenopodiaceae) in Response to Inundation
- Effect of Nacl
concentration on productivity and Mineral composiiton of Plausible
representative of LSS photosynthesizing component
- Standing Stock, Agar
Yield and Properties of Gracilaria salicornia Harvested along the
- Selenium Speciation
in Salicornia bigelovii: Plant-Mediated Reduction of Selenate for the
Remediation of Selenium Contaminated Soil
extracts of salicornia species, process of preparation thereof, use
thereof against tuberculosis
Antitubercular extracts of Salicornia brachiata
extraction method compatible with proteomic analysis for the euhalophyte
Cultivation of Halophytes to Reduce Drainage Volumes on
the Westside San Joaquin Valley of California
Fractionation and Properties of salicornia Meal
Salicornia: Halophyte Cultivation in Sonora
Nurseries and Suppliers
Joins the Venture: Joint Implementation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions
and Ecosystem threats of Bidirectional Cordgrass Hybridization in San
Salicornia, oil-yielding plant for coastal
Macrofaunal succession and community structure in
Salicornia marshes of southern California
the taxonomy of Salicornia sensu lato of the NorthEastern united
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