Nitrobenzene
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Project at a Glance Contents on the CD ROM
  • Nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5NO2.
  • It is a water-insoluble pale yellow oil with an almond-like odor. It freezes to give greenish- yellow crystals.
  • It is produced on a large scale as a precursor to aniline. Although occasionally used as a flavoring or perfume additive, nitrobenzene is highly toxic in large quantities. In the laboratory, it is occasionally used as a solvent, especially for electrophilic reagents.
  • Nitrobenzene is an oily yellow to yellow-brown liquid that smells like bitter almonds or shoe polish. Nitrobenzene dissolves only slightly in water and easily in other chemicals. It is man- made.
  • Very low levels of nitrobenzene may be found in air and/or water. The levels remain low even near sites where nitrobenzene is made or used. Nitrobenzene is rarely found in drinking water.
  • Industries manufacture nitrobenzene to make a chemical called aniline, to make oil for motors and machines, and to produce dyes, drugs, pesticides and rubber.
  • Nitrobenzene is prepared by nitration of benzene with a mixture of concentrated sulfuric acid, water, and nitric acid. This mixture is sometimes called "mixed acid."
  • The production of nitrobenzene is one of the more dangerous processes conducted in the chemical industry because of the exothermicity of the reaction (ΔH = −117 kJ/mol.
  • World capacity for nitrobenzene in 1985 was about 1.7106 tonnes.Approximately 95% of nitrobenzene is consumed in the production of aniline, which
    is a precursor to rubber chemicals, pesticides, dyes, explosives, and pharmaceuticals.
  • Nitrobenzene is also used in shoe and floor polishes, leather dressings, paint solvents,
    and other materials to mask unpleasant odors. Redistilled, as oil of mirbane, nitrobenzene has been used as an inexpensive perfume for soaps.
  • A significant merchant market for nitrobenzene is its use in the production of the analgesic
    paracetamol.
  • Small amounts of nitrobenzene are released to the air and to bodies of water by the industries that use this chemical.
  • However, it is broken down to other chemicals within a few days after it is released.
  • Air and water in most areas contain no nitrobenzene or such low amounts that they cannot be measured.
General
  • Nitrobenzene
  • Bromination of Nitrobenzene
  • Nitrobenzene facts
  • Nitrobenzene FAQS

MSDS

  • Nitrobenzene
  • Nitrobenzene MSDS
  • MSDS - Nitrobenzene
  • Nitrobenzene LRG MSDS
  • 4-Fluoro Nitrobenzene
  • 1-Bromo-2-Nitrobenzene
  • 1-Bromo-4-Nitrobenzene 99
  • Nitrobenzene Datasheet

Products

  • Blue ribbon products
  • Nitrobenzene label
  • Nitrobenzene 1.5 %
  • Aumento
  • Nitrobenzene product description

Manufacturing process

  • Make Nitrobenzene
  • Nitrobenzene Manufacturing process
  • Production process
  • Production of Nitrobenzene
  • Process for Nitrobenzene
  • Production of Nitrobenzene

Turnkey service providers

  • Turnkey service providers from Denmark
  • Turnkey service providers from Spain
  • Turnkey service providers from Korea
  • Turnkey service providers from Europe

Patent

  • Hydrogenation of nitrobenzenes
  • 1,3-bis(alkylcarbonato)-nitrobenzenes
  • Process for the preparation of nitrobenzene
  • System and process for production of nitrobenzene
  • Nitrobenzene-accelerated lactam polymerization
  • Continuous process for the manufacture of nitrobenzene
  • Flowering stimulant composition using nitrobenzene
  • Reductive coupling of nitrobenzene or nitrobenzenes substituted on the nucleus to give the corresponding azobenzenes and azoxybenzenes by means of redox catalysts
  • Method for preparing aniline by reaction of nitrobenzene and vinylcyclohexene
  • Preparation of 4,4'-dinitrodiphenylamine from urea and nitrobenzene
  • Zeolite support loaded with a base material for use in the coupling of aniline and nitrobenzene
Suppliers
  • Suppliers of Nitrobenzene
  • Manufacturers of Nitrobenzene
  • Selling leads of Nitrobenzene
  • Nitrobenzene Suppliers
  • Exporters of Nitrobenzene

Raw material suppliers

  • Benzene suppliers
  • Nitric acid suppliers
  • Sulfuric acid  suppliers

Company profiles

  • Company1 from Mumbai
  • Company2 from Mumbai
  • Company3 from Mumbai
  • Company from Nasik
  • Company from Ahmadabad
  • Company from Delhi
  • Company from Gujarat

Consultancy

  • Consultancy from Belgium
  • Consultancy from Colorado
  • Consultancy from Texas
  • Consultancy from U.S.A
  • Online Consultancy

Report

  • Toxicological profile for Nitrobenzene
  • Toxicological review of Nitrobenzene
  • Nitrobenzene factsheet
  • Environmental health criteria of Nitrobenzene
  • Report on Carcinogens background document for Nitrobenzene
  • 1-chloro-4-Nitrobenzene initial assessment report

Study

  • Nitrobenzene in water
  • Studies on removal of Nitrobenzene from contaminated water and sediment by bio augmentation
  • An oxidant to replace Nitrobenzene in lignin analysis
  • A novel electrochemical Nitrobenzene sensor based on NiCu alloy electrode
  • Mechanisms of oxidative vs. reductive Nitrobenzene transformation by microorganisms
  • Liquid-phase hydrogenation of Nitrobenzene in a slurry reactor
  • Adsorption of Nitrobenzene from aqueous solution by MCM-41
  • Three-phase Nitrobenzene hydrogenation over supported glass fiber catalysts

 

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