Bromine                                                                              
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Project at a Glance

Contents on the CD Rom

  • Bromine is the only Liquid nonmetallic element at room temperature. It is a heavy, mobile, reddish-brown liquid, that evaporates easily at standard temperature and pressures in a red vapor (its color resembles nitrogen dioxide) that has a strong disagreeable odor resembling that of chlorine.
  • Seawater contains 65 parts per million (ppm) bromine, which translates into 100 trillion tons of elemental bromine.
  • Elemental Bromine is used to manufacture a wide variety of Bromine compounds used in industry and agriculture. Traditionally the largest use of Bromine was in the production of 1,2-Dibromoethane which in turn was used as a gasoline anti-knock agent for leaded gasolines before they were largely phased out due to environmental considerations.
  • Bromine is used to make brominated vegetable oil, which is used as an emulsifier in many citrus-flavored soft drinks. Aqueous Bromine is orange and can be used in tests for alkenes and phenols.
  • Bromine is also used in making fumigants, flameproofing agents, water purification compounds, dyes, medicinals, sanitizes, inorganic bromides for photography, etc. It is also used to form intermediates in organic synthesis, where it is preferred to iodine due to its much lower cost.
  • Other promising new sectors for bromine include swimming pool disinfectants, industrial water treatment, air conditioning absorption systems and precious metal leaching.
  • Normally, bromine is stored in amber-coloured glass containers or glass-lined steel tanks, but dry bromine can be stored in well-designed lead-lined or monel drums.
  • Most of the bromine produced in the United States was used in the manufacture of ethylene dibromide(C2H4Br2), a chemical added to leaded gasolines that prevented the accumulation of lead compounds within the engine.
  • Current bromine production methods are based on modified Kubierschky or steaming out processes and the Dow chemicals blowing out process.
  • Bromine producers have formed the Bromine Science and Environmental Forum to tout the safety and value of bromine products, including bromine based flame retardants.
  • Bromine is corrosive to human tissue in a liquid state and its vapors irritate eyes and throat. Bromine vapors are very toxic with inhalation.
  • Albemarle, Great Lakes and Dead Sea Bromine in Israel account for more than 80 percent of world bromine capacity.
  • United States is the major world producer of Bromine, followed by Israel.
  • The Chinese market demand for bromine and derivatives will increase by 7.3% annually to reach 336,700 metric tons in the year 2010.
General
  • Bromine - General Information
  • Bromine - Characteristics
  • Bromine - Element
  • Periodic Table - Bromine
  • Bromine - Description
  • Bromine - Properties
  • The Pictorial Periodic Table
  • Bromine - Occurrence
  • Bromine

Technology

  • Technology Description
  • The Frost & Sullivan 2006 Technology
  • Zinc/Bromine Technology
  • Gas Reaction Technology
  • Bromine Removal Systems for Chlorine Plants
  • Tropodegradable Bromine-Containing Halocarbons as Foam Blowing Agents

Raw Materials and Equipment Suppliers

  • Bromide Suppliers
  • Sodium Bromide Suppliers
  • Sulphuric Acid Suppliers
  • Ammonium Bromide Suppliers
  • Ammonium Bromide Suppliers

Preparation Process

  • Process and Apparatus for Generating Bromine
  • Manufacturing Process
  • Bromine Production
  • Bromine Extraction
  • Process for the Preparation of Bromine and Hydrogen Bromide From  Ammonium Bromide
  • Separator for Zinc/Bromine Secondary Batteries and Production Process
  • Analytical Methods
  • Complex bromine preparation

Products

  • Stabrom
  • XtraBrom
  • Dry Alagecide
  • Brominated Flame Retardant Products
  • Bromine Products
  • Feeders
  • Products

Market

  • Bromine Demand
  • Domestic Production and Use
  • Bromine - Domestic Survey Data
  • Observations of the Japanese market for
    Australian rambutans
  • Electric Energy Storage Market Analysis Study

Plant Details

  • TATA Chemicals Ltd.
  • The Bromine Compounds plant
  • Solaris ChemTech
  • King opens bromine plant
  • Bromine Plant
  • Bromine From Sea Water

Projects

  • The zinc bromine battery for renewable energy applications
  • Zinc Bromine Battery (ZBB) Energy Storage Demonstration
  • Bromine Project
  • Coupled Bromine Chemistry Affecting Stratospheric Ozone
  • Bromine Compound facilities
  • Inventions and Innovations
Consultants
  • Dr. Albert Tenney
  • Halogen Chemistry and Biocides Experts
  • International Trade Consultants
  • PengFei Chao,
  • Quest Consultants Inc.

Company Profiles

  • Albemarle
  • AmeriBrom
  • Brominated flame retardants
  • Prabhat Chemiorganics Limited
  • King Technology
  • Kinkai Chemicals Co., Ltd.
  • Mody Chemical Industries
  • BROM

Reports

  • Jordan to go ahead with U.S. firm to establish large bromine project
  • Bromine Accumulations in Pine Trees Growing around Bromine Production Plants
  • Jordan: EUR 30 million EIB loan for a bromine plant
  • The Bromine Story
  • Standards Pertaining to Procurement Restrictions for the Inclusion of Chemical Substances in Products
  • Atmospheric bromine, which attacks ozone layer, is decreasing
  • Study Finds Record High Levels of Toxic Fire Retardants in Breast Milk from American Mothers
  • Global Report on Validated Alternatives to the Use of Methyl Bromide for Soil Fumigation
  • Reports to the Nation on Our Changing Planet: Our Ozone Shield

Applications

  • Bromine As A Pesticide
  • Bromine Uses
  • Use in Sleeping Pills
  • Use in Halogen Lamp
  • Important Uses
  • SPECTRO Application Note documents analysis of bromine in fabrics
  • Bromine Applications
  • Applications of Bromine

Hazards

  • Bromine - MSDS
  • Effects of Bromine
  • Facts About Bromine
  • Environmental, Health and Safety Issues in the Coated Wire and Cable Industry
  • Occupational Guideline for Bromine
  • Human Health Effects
  • Chemical Profile of Bromine
  • Health and Safety Guide

Suppliers

  • Indian Manufacturers and Suppliers
  • Bromine Compound Exporters
  • Selling Leads
  • Bromine Manufacturers
  • Bromine Suppliers
  • Liquid Bromine Manufacturers and Suppliers
  • Companies

Buyers

  • Italian Buyer
  • Indian Buyers
  • Importer 
  • Indian Importer
  • Bromine Importers - 1
  • Bromine Importers - 2
  • Bromine Importers - 3

 

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