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  • Alfalfa - Medicago sativa, also known as Lucerne, Purple Medic and Trefoil, is a perennial flowering plant cultivated as an important forage crop.
  • The leaves of this remarkable legume contain eight essential amino acids. Alfalfa is a good laxative and a natural diuretic. It is useful in the treatment of urinary tract infections, and kidney, bladder and prostrate disorders. Alkalizes and detoxifies the body, especially the liver. Promotes pituitary gland function and contains an anti-fungus agent.
  • In most climates, alfalfa is cut three to four times a year but is harvested up to 12 times per year in Arizona and Southern California. Total yields are typically around 8 tonne/hectare (4 ton/acre) but yields have been recorded up to 20 tonnes/ha (16 ton/acre). Yields vary due to region and with weather, and with stage of maturity when cut. Later cuttings improve yield but reduce nutritional content.
  • Alfalfa herbage fibers mainly consist of celluloses, hemicelluloses, lignin, and small amounts of pectin and proteins.
  • Alfalfa has considerable potential as a feedstock for production of ethanol and other industrial materials because of its high biomass production, perennial nature, ability to provide its own nitrogen fertilizer, and valuable co-products.
  • Alfalfa biomass has potential biotechnological importance in the production of low fiber, juice-derived co-products such as particulate (chloroplastic) protein concentrates, soluble protein concentrates, carotenoids, vitamins, minerals, growth factors, pharmaceutical agents, cosmetic products, and transgenic enzymes.
  • Alfalfa is one of the most important legumes used in agriculture.Its primary use is for dairy production, followed by beef, sheep, horses and goats, but it is sometimes used for human consumption. Alfalfa sprouts are used as a salad ingredient in the United States and Australia.
  • Tender shoots are eaten in some places as a leaf vegetable. Human consumption of older plant parts is limited primarily by very high fiber content. Dehydrated alfalfa leaf is commercially available as a dietary supplement in several forms, such as tablets, powders and tea. Alfalfa is believed to be a galactagogue.
  • The leaves of this remarkable legume contain eight essential amino acids. Alfalfa is a good laxative and a natural diuretic. It is useful in the treatment of urinary tract infections, and kidney, bladder and prostrate disorders. Alkalizes and detoxifies the body, especially the liver. Promotes pituitary gland function and contains an anti-fungus agent.
  • This versatile herb is also a folk remedy for arthritis, diabetes, asthma, hay fever, and is reputed to be an excellent appetite stimulant and overall tonic. Excellent source of nutritive properties with minerals, chlorophyll and vitamins. Alfalfa is high in chlorophyll and nutrients. Treating with alfalfa preparations is generally without side effects, however the seeds contain a slightly toxic amino acid L-canavanine.
  • Roundup Ready alfalfa will be the first genetically enhanced alfalfa product to be marketed commercially.
  • Alfalfa is susceptible to the spotted or pea aphid, alfalfa weevil, stem nematode, bacterial wilt, snout beetle, and several leaf spots.
  • Today the alfalfa leafcutter bee is increasingly used to circumvent this problem. As a solitary but gregarious bee species, it does not build colonies or store honey, but is a very efficient pollinator of alfalfa seed. Nesting is in individual tunnels in wooden or plastic material, supplied by the alfalfa seed growers.
  • Alfalfa is distributed worldwide and accounts for nearly 12 million ha of production (30 million acres) in the U.S. and over 140,000 ha (350,000 acres) in Kentucky.
  • The US is the largest alfalfa producer in the world, but alfalfa is important in Europe, Australia, South America, South Africa, China and the Middle East.
  • The leading Alfalfa growing states are California, South Dakota, and Wisconsin.
  • Alfalfa is Colorado’s most valuable forage crop, averaging about 3 million tons from 800,000 acres. Average annual value is $233 million. Alfalfa is produced throughout the state and performs well at elevations from 3,400 to 8,500 feet. It has the highest yield potential of any perennial forage crop grown in Colorado; average yields approach 4 tons per acre.
  • Alfalfa is the most popular and important forage crop grown in California. It is produced on approximately 1 million acres, or about 1 out of 8 eight irrigated acres in the state. The intermountain counties of Siskiyou, Shasta, Modoc, Lassen, Plumas, Sierra, Inyo, and Mono account for about 15 percent of the state’s acreage and produce approximately 10 percent of the total crop.
General Information
  • Alfalfa
  • Alfalfa-Herbal Information
  • Alfalfa-Plant Information
  • Medicago sativa
  • Alfalfa and Hay
  • Alfalfa Description

Production and Processing

  • Alfalfa Production
  • Alfalfa Harvesting
  • Using Calcium Sulfate in Alfalfa Production
  • Top Yielding Alfalfa Production
  • Honey Bee Pollination of Alfalfa
  • Alkali Bee Pollination of Alfalfa
  • Alfalfa Seed Production
  • Alfalfa Seed Production in the Western United States

Ethanol Production From Alfalfa

  • Ethanol production from Alfalfa
  • Biomass Energy Production
  • Producing Fuels and Chemicals from Cellulosic Crops
  • Ethanol Production in Hawaii
  • Alfalfa Traits that will Impact Bioenergy Production

Quality and Management

  • Quality evaluation of Medicago sativa
  • Heterosis of Forage Quality in Alfalfa
  • Leaf Cutting Bee Management
  • Loose Cell Management
  • Intermountain Alfalfa Management
  • Weed Management in Alfalfa
  • Alfalfa Root and Crown Rot Control

Company Profiles

  • National Alfalfa Alliance
  • Alfalfa House
  • Grassland Species
  • Hebei Bonherb Technology  
  • Nafosa
  • WL Alfalfa
  • Monterey Bay


  • Douglas G. Tiffany
  • Daniel H. Putnam
  • Richard S. Gates
  • David B. Hannaway
  • Lars R. Furenlid
  • Registered Regional Consultants
  • Seed Consultants
  • CPL Business Consultants


  • Alfalfa hybrids having hybridity
  • Bilirubin Oxidase from Alfalfa
  • Bread Containing Alfalfa
  • Alfalfa Weevil with a Strain of Bacillus
  • Potato Leaf  Hopper Resistant Alfalfa
  • Production of Alfalfa Seeds


  • Innovative Technology to Recover Gold from Solutions Using Medicago Sativa
  • Roundup Ready Technology
  • Phytoremediation
  • Investigation of Metal Binding in Alfalfa Biomass
  • Seed Production Issues for Genetically Enhanced Alfalfa
  • X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

Predators and Pest Control Management

  • Integrated Insect Control
  •  Nest Destroyers of Leaf Cutting Bees
  • Parasites and Predators
  • Cultural Control of Weed
  • Blister Beetles In Alfalfa
  • Forage Species
  • Potato Leafhopper on Alfalfa
  • Pest Management
  • Insect Pest Control
  • Alfalfa Response to Water Deficit
  • Production of Alfalfa Seed In Xinjiang
  • Alfalfa Hybrids for Increased Biomass Yield
  • Montana Intra-State Alfalfa
  • Effect of Alfalfa Vs a Corn and Soybean
  • Alfalfa Production in Relation to Precision Agriculture
Product & Data Sheet
  • Alfalfa Leaf Capsule
  • Alfalfa Extract Powder
  • Alfalfa Herb - Cut
  • Alfalfa Tincture
  • True Greens
  • Alfalfa Leaf  Powder


  • Removal of Copper Ions By Medicago Sativa
  • Alfalfa-High Quality Hay for Horses
  • Medicinal Applications of Alfalfa
  • Profiling Saponin Glycosides in Medicago sativa
  • Conversion of Vestitone to Medicarpin in Alfalfa
  • Productivity of Alfalfa Grown on Copper and Zinc Polluted Soils
  • Nutrient Utilization by Dairy Cows
  • Production of Electricity from Biomass Crops

Market Price

  • Alfalfa Hay - Bed Planted Production
  • Alfalfa Seed Production
  • Alfalfa - San Joaquin Valley
  • California Hay
  • California Market - 2003
  • California Market -2004
  • California Market -2005
  • California Market -2007
  • National Hay
  • Alfalfa Hay - Intermountain Region
  • Hay Prices-Idaho 2007
  • Hay - Oregon Market
  • Alfalfa Hay - Washington

Manufacturers, Suppliers And Buyers

  • Alfalfa Producers
  • Hangzhou New Asia International Co., Ltd
  • Alfalfa Sprout Suppliers
  • Medicago Sativa Suppliers
  • Manufacturers of Alfalfa
  • Organic Seed Suppliers
  • Alfalfa Seed Exporters
  • Trade Leads of Alfalfa
  • Shaanxi Tianrun Phytochemical Co.Ltd
  • UK Suppliers of Alfalfa
  • Alfalfa Buyers List 1
  • Alfalfa Buyers List 2


  • Alfalfa-Crop of the Future
  • Profit Of Alfalfa
  • Commercial Potential for Genetic Engineering in Alfalfa
  • Autotoxicity in Alfalfa
  • Alfalfa Forage Production
  • Alfalfa Buyer Survey


  • Alfalfa-The Manufacturing Plant
  • Alfalfa Green Fuel of the Future
  • Bioprocessing for Ethanol Production 
  • Alfalfa and Other Forages
  • Alfalfa Agronomy Report
  • Alfalfa hay production by small-scale farmers
  • Genetic Traits in Tetraploid and Diploid Alfalfa
  • New Treatment May Lift the Curse on Alfalfa Grazing
  • Alfalfa Grazing Tolerance Variety Report

Alfalfa Plant Disease

  • ChalkBrood Disease
  • Hole Punching
  • Anthracnose
  • Nematodes
  • Plant Diseases
  • Forage Legume Insects

Safety & Guidelines

  • Common Mistakes in Alfalfa Production
  • Agricultural Safety and Health
  • Deficiencies and Damages of Alfalfa
  • Pest Management Guidelines
  • Useful Links

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